explanatory reduction


Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Reduction (philosophy) — Reduction is the process by which one object, property, concept, theory, etc., is shown to be explicable in terms of another, higher level, concept, object, property, etc. For example, we say that chemical properties such as the boiling point of… …   Wikipedia

  • reductionism — In its most general usage, the term reductionism denotes any intellectual strategy for reducing apparently diverse phenomena to some primary or basic explanatory principle. For example, reductionist forms of materialism as applied to the natural… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • かんげん — I かんげん【乾舷】 船舶の中央部において, 水面より最上全通甲板の舷側(ゲンソク)までの高さ。 その船の予備浮力の目安となる。 II かんげん【寛元】 年号(1243.2.26 1247.2.28)。 仁治の後, 宝治の前。 後嵯峨・後深草天皇の代。 III かんげん【寛厳】 ゆるやかなことと, きびしいこと。 寛大なことと, 厳格なこと。 「~よろしきを得た指導」 IV かんげん【換言】 言葉をかえていうこと。 いいかえること。 「~すれば, こうなる」 V …   Japanese explanatory dictionaries

  • science, philosophy of — Branch of philosophy that attempts to elucidate the nature of scientific inquiry observational procedures, patterns of argument, methods of representation and calculation, metaphysical presuppositions and evaluate the grounds of their validity… …   Universalium

  • Hermeneutics — Gadamer and Ricoeur G.B.Madison THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND: ROMANTIC HERMENEUTICS Although the term ‘hermeneutics’ (hermeneutica) is, in its current usage, of early modern origin,1 the practice it refers to is as old as western civilization itself …   History of philosophy

  • Reductionism — Descartes held that non human animals could be reductively explained as automata De homine, 1662. Reductionism can mean either (a) an approach to understanding the nature of complex things by reducing them to the interactions of their parts, or… …   Wikipedia

  • Air transport and the environment (United Kingdom) — Increasing demand for air travel in the UK has resulted in a conflict between the desire to cater for that demand and the environmental consequences of doing so. In the past 25 years the UK air transport industry has seen sustained growth, and… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Ordinances and Acts of the Parliament of England, 1642 to 1660 — This is a list of Ordinances and Acts of the Parliament of England from 1642 to 1660, during the English Civil War and the Interregnum.As King Charles I of England would not assent to Bills from a Parliament at war with him, decrees of Parliament …   Wikipedia

  • Mechanism — • There is no constant meaning in the history of philosophy for the word Mechanism. Originally, the term meant that cosmological theory which ascribes the motion and changes of the world to some external force Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Aristotle’s logic and metaphysics — Alan Code PART 1: LOGICAL WORKS OVERVIEW OF ARISTOTLE’S LOGIC The Aristotelian logical works are referred to collectively using the Greek term ‘Organon’. This is a reflection of the idea that logic is a tool or instrument of, though not… …   History of philosophy

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